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2014年


大吨位机械压力机振动分析
刘  涛,喻宝林,刘春利(1. 一重集团大连设计研究院有限www.4001.com,辽宁  大连  116600;2. 江淮汽车股份有限www.4001.com,安徽  合肥  230000)
摘要:从压力机静止状态、空转状态、负载状态、联线状态四个方面对减震垫受力及压力机振动进行分析,为以后进一步优化压力机设计,降低压力机振动提供了理论依据。
关键词:机械压力机;静止;空转;冲压;联线;振动
中图分类号:TG315  文献标识码:A  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0001-03
Vibration Analysis of Large-Tonnage Mechanical Presses  Liu Tao,Yu Baolin,Liu Chunli
Abstract: In this paper, the forces born by the vibration isolation block and the vibration of mechanical precess are analysed under four conditions: stationary, idling, stamping and lined presses, which provides a theoretical basis for the optimized design and reduced vibration of of mechancial presses.
Key words: mechanical press;stationary;idling;stamping;lined press;vibration

100 MN 大型油压机的设计与研究
郝铁文,殷文齐,宋清玉,王小红,宇小青(1. 一重集团大连设计研究院有限www.4001.com,辽宁  大连  116600;2. 一重加氢www.4001.com,辽宁  大连  116113)
摘要:对 100 MN 双柱斜置式锻造压机的项目来源、压机特点、设计过程进行描述,着重先容压机的选型、压机斜置角度、多拉杆的布置形式、中间分体组合式下横梁等方面的设计思路和过程。
关键词:液压机;双柱斜置;中间分体;单厚壁;多拉杆
中图分类号:TG315.4  文献标识码:A  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0002-04
Design & Study of 100 MN Oil Press  Hao Tiewen,Yin Wenqi,Song Qingyu,Wang Xiaohong,Yu Xiaoqing
Abstract: The paper discusses the project source, characteristics and design of presses and focuses on the type selection, inclination angle determination, multi-link arrangement and split-type isolator design.
Key words: hydraulic press;two inclined columns;single-wall thickness;multi-link

皮带助卷器助卷过程分析及设计计算
孙剑亭,毛朝晖(一重集团大连设计研究院有限www.4001.com,辽宁  大连  116600)
摘要:简要先容皮带助卷器的工作原理,分析助卷条件及过程,详述具体设计计算方法。
关键词:皮带助卷器;助卷原理;助卷过程分析;张力计算
中图分类号:TG333.2+ 4  文献标识码:A  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0003-05
Process Analysis & Design Calculation of Belt Wrappers  Sun Jianting,Mao Zhaohui
Abstract: The paper presents the working concept, condition and process of belt wrappers as well as the detailed calculation.
Key words: belt wrapper;working concept;process analysis;tension calcucation

浮动隔板油箱的设计
胡  英,张  昕,孙丰迎(1. 一重集团大连设计研究院有限www.4001.com,辽宁  大连  116600;2. 哈尔滨工业大学机电工程学院,黑龙江  哈尔滨  150001)
摘要:通过将传统油箱内部的固定隔板改变为浮动隔板,在油箱内装入规定高度的油液时,吸油区和回油区两侧产生液位差。当工作油泵从吸油区内吸油时,浮动隔板向下移动,使回油区内多余的油液流入吸油区,可大大减小油箱的体积,减少设备重量和占地空间,充分提高了油箱的有效容积。
关键词:油箱;浮动隔板;油箱高度
中图分类号:TH137.8+ 6  文献标识码:A  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0004-03
Design of Oil Tanks with Floating Baffle  Hu Ying,Zhang Xin,Sun Fengying
Abstract: The conventional fixed baffle in oil tanks is changed into floating baffle. In this way, level difference between the oil supply chamber and oil return chamber occurs when oil in the tank reaches a preset level. When a working pump takes oil from the oil supply chamber, the floating baffle moves downward to allow the oil in oil return chamber to go into the oil supply chamber. This can reduce the volume of oil tanks significantly, and the weight and space of the equipment that uses oil tanks , and increase the effective capacity of oil tanks.
Key words: oil tank;floating baffle;oil tank height

煤焦油加氢生产工艺分析
杨彦贺,袁勋臣(一重集团大连国际科技贸易有限www.4001.com,辽宁  大连  116113)
摘要:以国内某新建煤焦油加氢项目为例,先容并分析煤焦油加氢工艺。
关键词:煤焦油;加氢;生产工艺
中图分类号:TQ523.6  文献标识码:A  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0005-03
Analysis of Coal Tar Hydrogenating Process  Yang Yanhe,Yuan Xunchen
Abstract: The paper takes a new coal car hydrogenation project for example to introduce and analyse the process of coal tar hydrogenation.
Key words: coal tar;hydrogenation;production process

水煤浆锅炉施工技术
赵福禄(一重集团大连国际科技贸易有限www.4001.com,辽宁  大连  116113)
摘要:主要先容了水煤浆锅炉系统的组成,结合施工现场项目管理过程对水煤浆锅炉系统进行了划分,并先容现场设备安装、调试及验收过程中的重点内容。
关键词:锅炉系统;工作流程;系统调试
中图分类号:TK229.6;TQ534.4  文献标识码:A  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0006-03
Construction Technology of Coal Water Slurry Boiler  Zhao Fulu
Abstract: The paper describes the constitution of a coal water slurry boiler system and the key points of the installation, commissioning and acceptance of the system. The system is divided into some sections for the field construction management.
Key words: boiler system;work flow;system commissioning

Mn 含量对 16MnR (HIC) 钢埋弧焊缝的影响
张秀海,马志宝,赵云志,王富铭(天津重型装备工程研究有限www.4001.com,天津  300457)
摘要:对压力容器用 16MnR (HIC) 钢中 Mn 含量对埋弧焊焊缝组织与性能的影响进行研究,结果表明,当焊缝中 Mn 含量在 1.8~2.0 之间时,焊缝金属的力学性能以及抗氢诱导裂纹性能能够满足使用要求;当焊缝中 Mn 含量达到 2.2 时,焊缝金属组织中出现了无碳贝氏体,降低了焊缝的低温韧性。
关键词:16MnR (HIC) 钢;埋弧焊;Mn 含量;无碳贝氏体;低温韧性
中图分类号:TG445;TG145  文献标识码:B  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0007-03
Effect of Manganese Content on Submerged Arc Welds on 16MnR (HTC) Steel  Zhang Xiuhai,Ma Zhibao,Zhao Yunzhi,Wang Fuming
Abstract: In this paper, effect of manganese content on the microstructure and property of the submerged arc weld on 16MnR ( HIC) steel for pressure vessels purpose is studied. The result shows that, when the manganese content in the weld is between 1.8% and 2.0%, the mechanical properties and the resistance to hydrogen induced cracking of the weld metals can meet the requirement, and when the manganese content reaches 2.2%, carbonless bainite structure appears in the weld metal and reduces the low-temperature toughness of the weld.
Key words: 16MnR(HIC)steel;submerged arcwelding;manganese content;carbonlessbainite;low-temperature toughness

压力容器支承裙用焊材辐照脆化行为分析
胡晓琦(海军驻齐齐哈尔地区某军事代表室,黑龙江  富拉尔基  161000)
摘要:通过化学成分及力学性能对比,得出 CHW-S3HR 和 H09Mn2 两种焊材的性能差异,详细分析了各种因素对辐照脆化行为的影响,结合经验数据及经验公式,最终确认两种焊材均可用于此压力容器支承裙。
关键词:辐照脆化;支承裙用焊材;影响分析;转变温度
中图分类号:TL34  文献标识码:B  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0008-04
Analysis on Irradiation Embrittlement of Welding Materials for Support Skirt of Pressure Vessels  Hu Xiaoqi
Abstract: The property difference between two kinds of welding materials: CHW-S3HR and H09Mn2 is found by comparing their chemical composition and mechanical properties. The effect of various factors on the irradiation embrittlement of those welding materials is studied in detail. With the founding and studying in combination with experimental data and formulas, it is confirmed both the welding materials can be used for the support skirt of pressure vessels.
Key words: irradiation embrittlement;welding materials for support skirt;effect analysis;transition temperature

单机架可逆冷轧机数学模型的设计与实践
孙  旻(天津一重电气自动化有限www.4001.com,天津  300457)
摘要:先容单机架可逆冷轧机自动化控制数学模型,包括轧制规程、轧制力模型、变形抗力等具体模型以及自适应系统的建立。提出一种新式的按轧制力分配规程的快速收敛算法,并且利用 Bryant 理论具体实现了轧制力等模型。
关键词:轧制力分配;Bryant 理论;单机架冷轧机;冷轧机数学模型
中图分类号:;TG333.7+ 2;TP273+ .2  文献标识码:A  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0009-04
Design&ApplicationofMathematicalModelforSingle-standReversibleColdRollingMills  SunMin
Abstract: The paper describes the mathematical models for the automation of single-stand reversible cold mills and concerns about rolling schedules, rolling force model, deformation resisting force model and other specific models as well as how to establish self -adapting system. A new convergence algorithm that is based on rolling force distribution schedule is used together with Bryant theory to establish specific models, such as rolling force model.
Key words: rolling force distribution;Bryant theory;single-stand reversible cold rolling mill;mathematical model

热轧机电动压下 APC 的控制策略
高建军(天津一重电气自动化有限www.4001.com,天津  300457)
摘要:以热连轧粗轧机和中板轧机的电动压下 APC 为研究对象,根据电动压下的工艺要求,设计电动压下 APC 及压下电气同步控制系统。指出压下 APC 工作过程中出现的问题及解决措施。
关键词:热轧机;电动压下 APC;同步控制;APC 定位精度
中图分类号:TG335.7+ 1;TP273+ .5  文献标识码:A  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0010-03
Control Stately of Electrical Screw-down APC for Hot Rolling Mills  Gao Jianjun
Abstract: The paper takes the electrical screwdown system APC for the rough mill and plate mill of hot continuous rolling mills for example to explain how to design an electrical screw-down system APC and its electrical synchronization system, and points out the problems that may arise during the operation of the screwdown system APC and how to solve those problem.
Key words: hot rolling mill;electrical screwdown APC;synchronization control;APC positioning accuracy

焦化厂干熄焦提升机控制系统
宋  健(莱芜钢铁集团有限www.4001.com设备检修中心,山东  莱芜  271104)
摘要:结合莱钢焦化厂 4 # 干熄焦的现场实际,先容了 4 # 干熄焦提升机控制系统的构成、主要功能、提升和走行速度曲线,重点对提升机控制系统的 PLC 构成和控制做了先容,整套系统自动化程度高,控制稳定、可靠。从目前的生产情况看,4 # 干熄焦提升机控制系统的设计完全满足干熄焦系统工艺安全、自动、高效的设计要求。
关键词:4 # 干熄焦;提升机;提升和走行速度曲线;PLC 控制
中图分类号:TQ520.5;TP273+ .5  文献标识码:A  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0011-04
Hoist Control System for Coke Dry Quenching Equipment of Coking Plants  Song Jian
Abstract: Based on the actual condition of 4# coke dry quenching equipment in the cocking plant of Laiwu Steel, the paper describes the constitution, function, and lifting and walking speed curve of the hoist control system. The paper places emphasis on the configuration and control of PLCs of the hoist control system that offers high-grade automated operation, and stable and reliable control. Upon the current operation of the hoist control system of 4# coke dry quenching equipment, its design can meet the requirement of dry Coke dry quenching equipment in terms of process safety, automated operation and high efficiency.
Key words: 4 # coke dry quenching;hoist;lifting and walking speed curve;PLC control

土压平衡盾构机前盾应力分析及补强措施
侯玉品,宋昌锡(澳门百老汇手机客户端重型技术装备基础科学研究院,辽宁  大连  116113)
摘要:根据盾构机工作的地质环境,结合前盾结构设计原则,计算前盾结构在实际工作中所承受的载荷。确定分析所需的边界条件后,为提高计算效率和分析精度,采用 8 节点壳单元,而为施加切向载荷采用表面效应单元。根据前盾结构应力分析的结果及内部空间布置要求,提出结构的补强措施,改进后的设计方案满足前盾工作的技术要求。
关键词:土压平衡盾构;应力分析;前盾分析
中图分类号:U455.3+ 9;TP391.9  文献标识码:A  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0012-04
Stress Analysis and Reinforcement on Foreside of Earth Pressure Balance Shields  Hou Yupin,Song Changxi
Abstract: The load that acts on the shield foreside in the actual operation is analysed and calculated by the means of finite element analysis on the basis of the geologic environment where the shield machine works and the design principle of the shield foreside. After the boundary condition is determined, 8-node unit is used in order to increase calculation efficiency and analysis precision and surface effect unit is used to apply tangential load on the model. The reinforcement method is proposed on the basis of the analysis result and the requirement on the arrangement inside the shield machine. The modified design can meet the operation requirement.
Key words: earth pressure balance shield;stress analysis;analysis of shield foreside

EPB 盾构机刀盘工况分析与结构优化
展培培,李  平,肖善超(1. 一重集团重型技术装备基础科学研究院,辽宁  大连  116113;2. 燕山大学里仁学院,河北  秦皇岛  066004;3. 一重集团大连设计研究院有限www.4001.com,辽宁  大连  116600)
摘要:在确定不同工况条件下 EPB (土压平衡式) 盾构机刀盘载荷边界条件的基础上,对刀盘的强度和刚度进行有限元模拟分析,提出采用加强筋的方式增强刀盘面板强度的方法,最终结果表明改进后的刀盘变形均匀,强度和刚度均有大幅度提升。
关键词:土压平衡;刀盘;工作工况;结构优化
中图分类号:U455.3+ 9;TP391.9  文献标识码:A  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0013-04
Servcie Condition Analysis and Structure Optimization of Cutting Tool of EPB Shields  Zhan Peipei,Li Ping,Xiao Shanchao
Abstract: The strength and rigidity of the cutting tool of EPB (Earth Pressure Balance) shield are evaluated by the means of infinite element analysis on the basis of the boundary condition of the load on the cutting tool under different service conditions. A method to increase the strength of the cutting tool with reinforcing plates is proposed. The final result shows the improved cutting tool has even deformation and higher strength and rigidity.
Key words: Earth Pressure Balance (EPB);cutting tool;service condition;structure optimization

压力机运动副间隙模型及冲击分析
谭利彬(一重集团重型技术装备基础科学研究院,辽宁  大连  116113)
摘要:以大型伺服压力机动力学模型及实测数据为依据,在动力学仿真基础上建立起压力机运动副的刚体接触分离间隙模型。将运动副销轴及轴孔内壁假定为刚体,忽略内壁的摩擦影响,采用程序显示接触点位置从而绘出运动副间隙变化曲线,为判断冲击的发生条件提供依据。在间隙模型基础上,调节压力机的平衡缸力,加速曲线及机构偏置值,确定各控制参数对运动副冲击的影响并探讨减少运动副冲击的可能方式及依据。
关键词:间隙模型;冲击分析;压力机;运动副
中图分类号:TG315.5;TP391.9  文献标识码:A  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0014-05
Clearance Model of Kinematic Pair of Presses and Impact Analysis  Tan Libin
Abstract: Based on the dynamic model and actual measured data of a large servo press, a rigid body -contact clearance model is established for the kinematic pair by the means of dynamic simulation. The shaft and inner surface of the shaft hole of the kinematic pair are assumed to be rigid. The friction on the inner surface is neglectable. A program is developed to show the path of contract points between the shaft and shaft hole to plot the clearance changing curve of the kinematic pair, which provides the basis for judging the impact occuring condition. With this clearance model, the force of the balance cylinder, acceleration curve and offset value of presses can be adjusted, and the effect of various control parameters on kinematic pair impact is can determined. The paper also discusses the possible ways to reduce the impact on kinematic pairs and the reference for them.
Key words: clearance model;impact analysis;press;kinematic pair

海底井口头套管挂结构有限元分析
程妍雪,李心砚,孙  奇(一重集团重型技术装备基础科学研究院,辽宁  大连  116113)
摘要:以 9 5/8" 套管挂为例,针对其工作过程中的不同工况进行基于 ANSYS 的有限元分析,确定最危险的工况以及各工况下最大应力。为后续结构优化及结构再设计奠定基础。
关键词:套管挂结构;有限元;结构分析
中图分类号:TE951;TP391.9  文献标识码:A  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0015-04
Finite Element Analysis on Structure of Casing Hanger for Subsea Wellhead Cheng Yanxue,Li Xinyan,Sun Qi
Abstract: The paper takes 9 5/8" casing hanger for example to perform ANSYS -based finite element analysis on it under different service conditions to determine the most dangerous service condition and the maximum stress of different service conditions, which provide the basis for the structure design and optimization of casing hangers.
Key words: casing hanger;finite element;structure analysis

KUKA 工业机器人在热挤压管生产中的应用
孙  健,张贺林,姚艳霞(1. 一重天津研发中心冷工艺部,天津  300457;2. 北方华安工业集团有限www.4001.com (西区) 机动能源部,碾子山  161046)
摘要:先容了 KUKA 工业机器人编程原理,具体先容其在立式压力机热挤压管生产中的实际应用。
关键词:机器人;编程方法;压力机;热挤压管
中图分类号:TG242  文献标识码:A  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0016-04
Application of KUKA Industrial Robot in Production of Hot-extruded Pipes  Sun Jian,Zhang Helin,Yao Yanxia
Abstract: The paper describes the program theory of KUKA industrial robot and its application in vertical presses to produce hot-extruded pipes.
Key words: robot;program theory;press;hot-extruded pipe

Excel VBA 在多孔工件加工中的应用
冯晓明,李海波,李德飞(1. 澳门百老汇手机客户端核电石化事业部,辽宁  大连  116113;2. 一重集团大连设计研究院有限www.4001.com,辽宁  大连  116600)
摘要:通过一个核电产品加工实例先容了一种利用 Excel VBA 编程计算,实现对平面内多个孔的中心坐标进行快速自动化处理的方法。
关键词:Excel VBA 编程;多孔工件;平移旋转坐标
中图分类号:TP391.73;TG52  文献标识码:B  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0017-03
Application of Excel VBA in Machining of Multi-hole Workpieces  Feng Xiaoming,Li Haibo,Li Defei
Abstract: The paper takes a nuclear-power product for example to describe how to use Excel VBA programming calculation to process the coordinate value of the hole center of workpieces with multi-holes in a plane automatically and rapidly.
Key words: Excel VBA programming;multi-hole workpiece;translating and rotating coordinate

自升式海洋平台齿轮齿条升降机构强度分析
李风风,宋立伟,杜  宁(澳门百老汇手机客户端重型装备技术基础科学研究院,辽宁  大连  116600)
摘要:采用 Pro/Engineer App建立海洋平台升降系统齿轮齿条啮合的三维几何模型,并将模型导入 Abaqus App,对齿轮齿条的动态啮合过程进行有限元分析,得到齿轮齿条动态啮合过程中接触应力以及齿根应力的变化规律。
关键词:海洋平台;升降系统;齿轮齿条;接触应力;齿根应力
中图分类号:TE952  文献标识码:A  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0018-04
Strength Analysis of Gear and Rack Lifting Mechanism of Offshore Jack-up Platforms  Li Fengfeng,Song Liwei,Du Ning
Abstract: The 3-Dimensional Geometry Model for the engagement between the gear and rack of the lifting System of offshore jack -up platforms is established with software Pro/Engineer and is put into software Abaqus to perform infinite element analysis on the dynamic engagement between the gear and rack. The contact stress and the change of stress on the tooth root during the dynamic engagement of gear and rack are obtained.
Key words: offshore platform;lifting system;gear and rack;contact stress;stress on tooth root

冶金工程总承包项目设备管理
付  涛(一重集团大连国际科技贸易有限www.4001.com,辽宁  大连  116113)
摘要:针对冶金行业产能过剩,亏损严重的现状,通过分析冶金工程项目投资大、周期长、设备多、组织协调复杂的特点,指出冶金机械制造www.4001.com必须从单纯供货商向项目承包商转变,通过实施好进度控制、质量控制、成本控制等管理措施,提高www.4001.com利润和竞争力,在保持现有国内市场的基础上,开拓国际市场。
关键词:冶金工程;项目;总承包;管理
中图分类号:F406.4  文献标识码:B  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0019-03
Equipment Management for Turnkey Project of Metallurgical Equipment  Fu Tao
Abstract: Facing the current situation of excess production capacity and heavy loss of metallurgical industry, the paper studies the features of metallurgical projects, such as high investment, long delivery period, many equipment and complicated organizing activities and points out a metallurgical machinery builder has to change himself from a supplier to a turnkey contractor. For this purpose, the builder has to increase his benefit and competitiveness through doing well in progress control, quality control and cost control and has to expand the international market on the basis of maintaining the local market share that he has at present.
Key words: metallurgical equipment;project;turkey contract;management

冶金工程总承包项目档案管理
李江平(一重集团大连国际科技贸易有限www.4001.com,辽宁  大连  116113)
摘要:以某 120 万 t 冷轧薄板总承包项目档案管理工作为例,对该项目档案管理工作的特点,各单位档案管理职责,以及管理过程中存在的问题进行了研究分析,并对改进冶金工程总承包项目档案管理工作提出建议,为完善工程总承包项目档案管理制度提供参考。
关键词:总承包;档案;管理;冶金
中图分类号:G275.3  文献标识码:B  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0020-03
Documentation Management for Turnkey Project of Metallurgical Equipment  Li Jiangping
Abstract: The paper takes a turnkey project of cold sheet rolling mill with production of 1.2-million tons for example to study the features of documentation management, the duty of each department on documentation management, and the problems exiting in the implementation of documentation management. The paper brings forward the proposal on how to improve the documentation management for the turkey project of metallurgical equipment, which can be used as reference for making the documentation management system perfect.
Key words: turkey contract;documentation;management;metallurgy

生产管理系统应用
金瑞瑞(天津一重电气自动化有限www.4001.com,天津  300457)
摘要:通过建立生产管理系统,加强采购管理与库房管理的相互衔接,能够实时查询各项目生产进度情况,加强了信息流转速度,大大提高各部门的工作效率和质量。
关键词:生产管理;信息化;工作效率
中图分类号:TP319;F273  文献标识码:B  文章编号:1673-3355 (2014) 05-0021-05
Application of Production Management System  Jin Ruirui
Abstract: A production management system is established to connect the purchase management system with warehouse management system. With this connection, the production progress of every projects can be checked in real time, which can increase the information exchange speed , and the working efficiency and quality of different departments significantly.
Key words: production management;IT application;working efficiency




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